Beans: Properties and Benefits

The beans, scientific name Phaseolus vulgaris, are produced from a plant belonging to the family Leguminosae that draws its origins from countries with hot climate such as Central America; in the past, because of their low price and easy availability, the beans were considered the food of the poor. In fact, the bean is a noble and highly nutritious food, and according to historical sources in the Middle Ages many famines were faced and overcome thanks to the consumption of beans.

The variety of beans is very large, can count at least 300 different types, of which about sixty are edible, with shapes and colors of all kinds: whites, blacks, variegated, red, big, small, round or crushed.
The most common varieties are represented by Bullock, the Cannellini, Mexicans, Whites of Spain, the beans from Lamon, Vigevano and beans Scotland.
Beans: Properties and benefits
Beans contain 10% water, 24.5% protein, 48% carbohydrates, dietary fiber 14.50%, and the remaining 3% lipids; the minerals present in greater quantities are sodium, potassium, iron, phosphorus, manganese, calcium, zinc and selenium.

The beans contain a good dose of B vitamins, namely vitamins B1, B2, B3, B5 and B6; besides these are vitamin E, K, J and vitamin PP.

Among the amino acids instead include those present in a higher percentage that are: aspartic acid, glutamic acid, arginine, phenylalanine, leucine, lysine, valine and proline.

Benefits and Curative Properties of Beans

First it should be noted that the beans represent, from the point of view of protein, a valid alternative to the consumption of meat and are a food that thanks to its properties is able to balance the diet from the standpoint of the ratio of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins.

A regular consumption of beans is able to lower the presence of cholesterol in the body and due to the good presence of dietary fibers are well suited to prevent intestinal problems, constipation and hemorrhoids.
Even diabetics can benefit from the consumption of beans, as they also have the ability to lower blood sugar.

Recent studies have revealed the possible presence of anti-cancer properties in the beans which, however, need to be studied before we can say with certainty this property of the beans; according to recent studies also the heart and the circulatory system would benefit from regular consumption of beans.
Beans Curiosity
Since ancient times, the beans spread throughout Europe were the so-called "cowpeas" who came from Africa and Asia; in America instead we find the common bean and that of Lima.

According to the doctors of antiquity beans, along with fava beans and chickpeas, were considered aphrodisiac foods.

The first known recipe made from beans dates from the first century after Christ; in his literary work of culinary topics Marco Plates Gaius wrote that the beans, as well as being eaten boiled or cooked in a pan with the addition of flavorings, may also be eaten alone without seasoning.

There is reliable evidence, prior to the Roman era, which demonstrate the use of beans by the Greek and Egyptian population.

A testimony of the excellent nutritional properties of beans, there are two proverbs: "Beans are the meat of the poor" and "rice and beans grow their sons."
Slimming Properties of Pods Beans
The beans do not lose weight, but their pods can instead come to the aid of diets; in fact, thanks to the presence of fiber containing cellulose, pectins and flavonoids the absorption of sugar is slowed down.
Thanks to these properties the bean pod is recommended when, at the end of a diet, you want to make a stable weight and avoid a sudden return of the fat mass.
Beans: Properties and benefits
Beans: Properties and benefits
Chemical Composition
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The calories provided by 100 grams of edible beans is equal to 343.
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The intake of beans can cause the unpleasant side effect of the formation of intestinal gas; to limit this drawback beans can be seasoned with an aromatic herb called savory (Satureja) or, alternatively, you can add a teaspoon of ground ginger.
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Beans: properties and benefits
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