Beetroot: Properties and Benefits

The beetroot, also known as beet "vegetable", is an annual herbaceous plant, belongs to the Chenopodiaceae family and its scientific name is Beta vulgaris; use for food of this type of beet goes back to ancient times, so that we have news in a Babylonian papyrus.

The stems of this plant can reach a height of over a meter and its leaves are shaped like hearts, while the flowers are red or green with five petals.

There are different qualities of sugar beet: we find that vegetable, sugar, fodder used to feed livestock. As for the variety we mention only a few names as Bassano beet round, flat black from Egypt, the red Chioggia, the long smooth, beet Indian and albino vereduna.
Beetroot: Properties and benefits
The beetroot is composed of about 90% water, protein, carbohydrates, dietary fiber, vitamins and minerals such as sodium, potassium, iron, calcium and phosphorus.
Among the vitamins we include Vitamin B1, B2, B3, traces of vitamin A and vitamin C in the last.

The characteristic red color of the roots of this beet is due to the presence of a real natural dye, the E 162, which is used in the food industry to improve the appearance of other foods.
Beetroot is also rich in sugar and for this reason, people with diabetes should pay attention to the way in which the dosages and consume.

Benefits and Curative Properties of Beetroot

A few years ago the beetroot has jumped to the headlines because some studies conducted in Greece in 1983 and published in the "International Journal of Cancer," described the properties and the beneficial effects that this vegetable could have in the counteract colon cancer.

The beetroot is primarily a plant with excellent cooling and re-mineralizing properties; its intake, thanks to the abundance of saponins and minerals is very suitable for weak children, convalescents and anemic. Also, thanks to the presence of saponins that facilitate the removal of fat, beetroot also has purifying properties of the organism.

The presence of vitamin C instead brings benefits to our immune system strengthening it and folic acid, in union with the betaine, strengthens capillaries helping to maintain a healthy cardiovascular system.
The anthocyanins, water-soluble pigments found in abundance in beetroot, belonging to the flavonoid family, have strong antioxidant properties that can benefit the microcirculation and the heart in particular.
Finally, the beetroot is able to attenuate inflammation that affect the digestive system and is a great help in fighting diseases of the liver.
Beetroot Juice

The centrifuged juice of beetroot has very interesting properties: it has been shown by studies conducted in England (The London School of Medicine) who daily drink about half a liter of beetroot juice lowers high blood pressure and hypertension. The results will be visible after a few days with a clear decline in hypertension.
The juice of raw beetroot is particularly suitable for all the people who suffer from anemia, as it promotes the formation of red blood cells in the blood. Not only that, promotes drainage of blood, has diuretic properties and helps digestion.
Beetroot: Properties and benefits
Beetroot: Properties and benefits
Chemical Composition
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Beetroot and
Beetroot can be eaten raw, baked, boiled, pureed or extracting the juice.

The beetroot makes his first appearance as the beta in some writings dating back to 420 BC Greeks.

The development of the cultivation of sugar beet is a direct result of the discovery that they could be extracted sugar.

Not only are the roots of beetroot are useful to our power but also the leaves have good properties as rich in vitamins.

In Europe, its cultivation was already widespread in the fifteenth century, initially for the use of its leaves but later also spread the use of its roots, especially the beetroot.

In the area of Chioggia ( Italy ), unlike other places, the beetroot has a particular precocity and can achieve two annual productions, a spring and a fall; in other places is just a summer production.

The leaves can be used like any other vegetable and cooking like that, either alone or in combination with others.

The health benefits of beetroot are given by a very complex chemical reaction during which the contain nitrates are converted by bacteria in our mouth to nitrite and once in the body are transformed into molecules essential for the control of blood pressure.
Beetroot and Calories

The calorie intake of beetroot is very low, in fact, for every 100 grams of edible flesh you have only 20 calories.
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