Cherries: Properties and Benefits

Cherries are the fruit of a tree belonging to the family Rosaceae that we all know with the name of cherry (Prunus avium); the tree of the cherries is present in the Mediterranean area by about 3.000 years, the first news about cherries coming from Egypt. Difficult to establish with certainty the country of origin even if it is believed that most likely the cherry tree comes from Asia.

The cherry blossoms in spring simultaneously with the appearance of the leaves and its appearance, in full bloom, it is something enchanting to behold. Cherries are divided into two distinct species: sweet and sour. Sweet cherries are divided into two subfamilies that are respectively duracine and tenerina; sour cherries divide into three subfamilies, which are the morello, amarene and visciole.

The vesting period varies depending on the type of cherry but we can say that almost all mature in the period between May and June.
Cherries: Properties and benefits
Cherries are composed of 80% of water, sugars, proteins (small percentage), vitamins A and C, potassium, phosphorus, calcium, iron, sodium, and magnesium. To highlight the presence of levulose, a sugar that has no contraindications for diabetics who can then take the opportunity to eat something sweet and healthy. Finally we emphasize the presence of flavonoids, which, as we know, are substances that are very useful in the fight against "dangerous" free radicals and especially play a major role in the process that slows down the aging of cells in the body. Regarding the calories, considering 100 grams of pulp we have about 63 Kcalories.

Benefits and Curative Properties of Cherries

The fresh cherries has purifying and detoxifying properties, in addition to diuretic and laxative properties that make the cherry fruit very useful in case of swelling in the abdomen. Thanks to the presence of flavonoids, in combination with vitamins A and C, the assumption of cherries stimulates the production of collagen, bringing benefits to our skin. To underline the presence of malic acid, which, with its properties, is able to facilitate the digestion of sugars and the hepatic activity. In recent times, cherries have been the subject of study by the University of Texas, as it is believed to have properties that help promote sleep; it seems that melatonin present in cherries in good quantity, has precisely this property.

Finally we reiterate the important benefits that consumption of cherries brings to the heart and circulatory system in general; it has been confirmed, on the basis of experiments on mice held in Michigan (USA), that their consumption would greatly reduce the percentage of cholesterol in the body due to the presence of antioxidants.
Curiosity Cherries
Very often it is said that they are a fruit "luculliano": this is because they were introduced in Italy by Lucullus.

While the purchase we must check that they have a firm texture and are free from dents; it is still important that they have the peduncle (or petiole) and that this has a bright green color, a sign of freshness.

The peduncle of the cherries are also used for the preparation of infusions with diuretic properties.

After washing cherries may be stored in the refrigerator for three days, a few more days if you wrap it in a cloth and subsequently placed in a bag open at the top.

Cherries, especially sour varieties, appear to be a particularly refreshing fruit and with a good index of satiety.

The maraschino, an excellent color white liquor produced mainly in Italy, is obtained from the distillation of this fruit, in particular the kind of morello.

Also the cosmetic industry takes advantage of the beneficial properties of this fruit to bring benefits to the skin; in fact, its pulp is used as refreshing on irritated skin.

The latin name "Avium", in English "bird", indicates that the propagation of the seeds occurs mainly by the fact that birds are very greedy.
The wood is also used for the manufacture of furniture and pipes.
Varieties of Cherries

The varieties of cherries are many, the following are those that are mostly grown in Italy:

Cherry Bigarreu: is the most precocious maturation and normally is on sale in the first half of May.
Durone Cherry: durone is a type of very fine cherry, according to many is the the best; has a firm flesh and compact with a particularly sweet taste, dark color and large size. Matures in late June.
Cherry Railway: are widespread in Puglia and are characterized by a very juicy pulp; also they ripen in June.
Cherry Marca: these cherries, such as Duroni, has a very compact pulp but their color is yellowish red; thanks to their properties are often used for the preparation of preserves (cherry liqueur and syrup).
Cherry Anella: delicious cherries are bright red with crisp pulp are available from late May.
Cherries: Properties and benefits
Cherries: Properties and benefits
Chemical Composition
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Cherries: properties and benefits
Cherries: Properties and benefits
Contraindications
For children under three years of age is not recommended to eat this fruit in large quantities; at that age, in fact, the laxative effect of cherries may be too strong, something that does not happen in adults.

It is also recommended not to drink water after eating a lot of cherries, this is because the cherry is already a fruit rich in water; add more water soon after could cause some problems.
Cherries: Properties and benefits
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