Coffee: Properties and Benefits

The coffee plant belongs to the Rubiaceae family and it is identified by the name of Coffea; it has small round and green berries when matured become bright red. The species of coffee currently marketed are two: Coffea canephora and Coffea arabica.

The Arabica grows between 1.000 and 2.000 metersof altitude, is very delicate but has more organoleptic properties, while the Canephora, also known as Robusta is more resistant and grows at lower altitudes, between 150 and 600 meters. The quality of coffee most cultivated in the world is no doubt the Arabian that representing about 75 % of world production. It seems that the first mention of coffee come from Ethiopia, namely the plateau of Kaffa, where even comes before the coffee plant; regarding the drink it has its origins in Yemen around the year 1000.

Coffee: Properties and benefits
Originally, the state of "grain" coffee contains many substances including proteins, fats, minerals, carbohydrates, but after roasting is drastically reduced to almost disappear. But we must point out that those who remain are substances very useful for our body. These are the main substances contained in 100 grams of espresso: 0.36 gr. ash, 3 mg. magnesium, 49 mg. potassium, 3 mg. phosphorus, 0.50 mg. Group B vitamins, lipids in small quantities (0.018 g.), 40 mg. of caffeine and 0,040 gr. of amino acids and proteins.



Benefits and Curative Properties of Coffee

Coffee is one of the richest dietary sources of natural substances with antioxidant properties; thanks to the abundance of chlorogenic acids and compounds derived from roasting. A cup of coffee can contain between 350 and 450 mg., a significant amount that can bring several benefits to our body.

After several studies it was established that people who take coffee usually develop increased protection against various diseases such as Parkinson's disease and cerebral decline due to old age. The caffeine in coffee is fighting the action of free radical, which, as we know, can be linked to the occurrence of various diseases, including serious.

Very important the action that coffee exercise in reducing cardiovascular risks. Studies on caffeine and its properties have demonstrated its thermogenic effect, that is, its ability to burn energies and consequently the fats. Other benefits of coffee: three cups a day can help who has trouble breathing due to the bronchi, as the coffee favors expansion; after lunch, a cup of coffee increases the production of saliva and thus promotes digestion. Finally, it helps to regulate the amount of sugar in the blood thus representing an aid for those suffering from diabetes 2.

Recall that, as with all foods with good, they are beneficial only if taken in moderation.
Interesting facts about Coffee
The amount of caffeine in coffee varies greatly depending on the mixture which is chosen: in a mixture of 100 % arabica we find an average of 1,5 % of caffeine, while in a mixture of solid the amount salt to 3 %.

It is said that the stimulant properties of coffee have been discovered for the first time by a minister of Yemen, who observed the strange behavior of his sheep excited and restless after having eaten the coffee berries.

Always starting from the assumption that it is best not to overdo it, experts suggest to draw the line of four coffee cups a day, this limit is not exceeded.

A study of women in "pregnant" revealed that an excessive intake of coffee during pregnancy may induce in the child the same harm caused by alcohol and smoking.

For those who are afraid of getting fat remember that a cup of coffee brings only 2 calories.

Although the various stages of processing drastically decrease the presence of antioxidants, up to 90 %, the remaining quantities are, however, of all respect. In 100 ml. of coffee there is a presence of 250 mg. of chlorogenic acids.

Coffee is one of the most widely consumed beverages in the world; worldwide, the average person is 7 kg., while in Italy is about 6 kg..
Caffeine
Caffeine is a natural alkaloid occurring in 60 different species of plants, including coffee, tea and cocoa; at room temperature shows a solid white appearance and no smell.

Once you have taken the body takes a few hours to metabolize; when taken in moderate doses, caffeine has beneficial effects on the human stimulant: it increases the ability to concentrate, memory, and strange to say, the state of mood.
Coffee: Properties and benefits
Coffee: Properties and benefits
Chemical Composition
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Caffeine Curiosity
Caffeine has stimulant properties that affect the nervous system by delaying the feeling of fatigue; for this reason it is called a "drug" and is used, along with other substances with similar properties, in the composition of energy drinks.
The caffeine content of coffee in the form of a drink depends very much on the method of preparation:

Espresso = 90 mg
Moka = 110 mg
American = 120 mg
Soluble = 70 mg

According to experts, the optimal consumption of caffeine in a day is estimated to be about 200-300 mg., then equal to three or four cups in 24 hours.
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