Currant: Properties and Benefits

The currant is the fruit (berry) of a perennial shrub belonging to the family Sassifragaceae reaching, as a rule, two meters in height and living wild in the woods with a high moisture content; currant grows and is widespread in much of Europe and North America until you get it to Asia and in some parts of North Africa.
The harvest of red currant and black one is from June to September, while the white is harvested during the period between August and September..

The genus Currant includes many species, some eighty, but the ones most widely used in our country are three: the red currant (Ribes rubrum), black currant (Ribes nigrum), and white currants (Ribes Grossularia) also known as "gooseberry". Here are some varieties of currants: Junnifer, Cocagne, Perfection, Rondom, Red Lake, Rovada and Versailles.

The red currant is the most widespread and cultivated in Italy, where it is also used for the production of syrups as well as for direct consumption; blackcurrant instead is more common in central and northern where it is often used for the production of liquor. The white currant, although in the past it was very popular, it is now very difficult to find, especially in the pews of the large retailers.
Currant: Properties and benefits
The currant is composed of 79 % water, fiber, carbohydrates, proteins and sugars; calcium, iron, potassium, sodium, copper, zinc and phosphorus minerals present.

The vitamins present in the currants are vitamin A, some of the group B, C, and K.

Present also organic acids such as citric acid, tartaric and malic acid in addition to a small amount of essential oil.

Benefits and Curative Properties of Currant

The currant is a fruit with excellent anti-inflammatory properties, in particular the urinary system; a spoonful of currant juice, taken early in the morning, is useful to contrast the fragility of the capillaries.
It has diuretic and purifying properties it is then used for the preparation of infusions and anti-allergic compounds. Its juice, especially that of black currants, has astringent properties and is used to combat diarrhea.

The abundance of vitamin C protects the body against colds at the same time bringing benefits to our immune system; in the folk tradition, the use of black currant is indicated for the treatment of gout and rheumatic pains.

The good presence of vitamin A and C give the currant antioxidant properties (typical of all the berries) that are useful also in countering the effects of free radicals, in addition to the benefits to the body's cells in terms of slowdown of the natural aging process.

The acids of its juice are able to stimulate gastric secretions of the digestive system thus proving to be useful in case of loss of appetite; lastly, currants, can be used in case of hemorrhoids and to counteract inflammatory conditions in general.

Currant Curiosity
As with other edible fruits from the dark color, even black currant was considered by popular tradition in a position to drive out the "negative mood" and in the past it was used not only to ward off melancholy, but even to fight plagues.

The black currant leaves are particularly perfumed thanks to the presence of glands containing within them the essential oil.

The black currant is used for the preparation of liquors such as "ratafÓ" and the French liquor with 20░ alcohol "creme de cassis".

New Zealand researchers have discovered the presence of a substance called epigallocatechin in black currant; this substance with strong antioxidant properties, as well as protecting the skin from the harmful effects of uva rays, would be able to counteract inflammation typical of lung tissues and thus contribute to improving the quality of breathing.

Since the maturation of the currant may last for three weeks and since the ripe fruits remain long on the plants, their collection is often done in stages.

The fruits of black currant, as well as for direct consumption, are used for the preparation of syrups, jellies, juices, jams, sauces for meat and fish dishes, drinks and liqueurs.
Black Currant ( Ribes Nigrum )
The name Ribes should derive from the Arabic word "ribas" which indicates a type of rhubarb with the same taste; grows wild in central and northern Europe.
The buds of black currant contain essential oil and flavonoids , substances that are very useful as they are rich in anti-inflammatory properties.

In recent times, the black currant has jumped to the headlines as recent studies have shown its properties antihistamine : in fact, the substances contained in it are able to block temporarily the immune system reaction that gives rise to allergies.

For these reasons, the black currant is now recommended in cases of allergies, asthma, bronchitis, conjunctivitis and pharyngitis.

The leaves contain substances with therapeutic properties useful for our body and are then used for the preparation of mother tinctures and teas with diuretic effect and to reduce the level of cholesterol in the blood.
Currant: Properties and benefits
Currant: Properties and benefits
Chemical Composition
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Currant Calories
Every 100 grams of currant, have 30 kcalories.
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Currant: properties and benefits
Currant: properties and benefits
Currant: properties and benefits
Currant: Properties and benefits
White Currant or Gooseberry
It grows to a height of about 1,700 meters, the plant is equipped with thorns and its fruits are very similar to the grapes; the skin is transparent, and through it you can easily glimpse the seeds inside. The plant is native to the cold regions of northern Europe.
Its fruits are usually intended for the processing industry for the preparation of salads and jellies food.
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