The fenugreek, scientific name Trigonella foenum-graecum, is an annual plant belonging to the Fabaceae family; the fenugreek tree has slightly elongated leaves similar to those of clover and it blooms in late spring with white and yellow flowers.
The fenugreek has ancient origins so that there are news in the Ebers Papyrus (1550 BC.); the ancient Egyptians were already aware of its therapeutic properties; in addition to using it in some religious rites, also used it for healing purposes.
The fruits of fenugreek are legumes with the appearance of flat seeds shaped, more or less rhombic and with a rather intense smell that is not liked by all. The fenugreek plant grows in the Mediterranean area with preference, due to its good adaptation to soils with high salinity, of coastal zones.
Fenugreek: Properties and benefits
The fenugreek contains 8,80 % water, 23 % protein, 24,6 % of dietary fiber, ash, carbohydrates, and 6,40 % fat.
The minerals present in the fenugreek are: potassium (present in large amounts), phosphorus, calcium, sodium, iron, magnesium, zinc, selenium, copper and manganese.
The vitamins are vitamin A, vitamin C and some of the B group, for the accuracy B1, B2, B3, B6.
These instead the amino acids present in the fenugreek: aspartic acid and glutamic acid, arginine, alanine, phenylalanine, cystine, lysine, methionine, glycine, isoleucine, histidine, leucine, valine, tyrosine, tryptophan, threonine, proline and serine.
Benefits and Curative Properties of Fenugreek
Always, in folk medicine, the fenugreek is considered a food with excellent tonics, useful in case of convalescence and states of debilitation in general. Some pharmacological studies have confirmed these properties mainly due to the presence in the fenugreek seeds of protein with high biological value, lecithin and phosphates .
The fenugreek has also the property of stimulating appetite and therefore can be beneficial in cases of loss of appetite and excessive thinness.
The fenugreek also has useful properties to counteract diabetes, in fact its intake, thanks to the presence of a natural amino acid called 4-hydroxy-isoleucine, is able to stimulate the secretion of insulin and reduce blood glucose levels in the blood.
Thanks to the high percentage of iron present, fenugreek has anti anemic properties while, its stimulant properties, have benefits to normalizing thyroid activity.
The fenugreek has galactagogue properties, that is the ability to increase the production and quality of milk.
Finally, make a compress with fenugreek seeds, have beneficial properties against skin, especially pimples and rashes.
The scientific name of the fenugreek (Trigonella) derives from the triangular shape of the leaves arranged in a clover while the term "fenugreek" comes from the fact that in ancient times this legume was mainly used as fodder for livestock.
Because of its very intense smell, fenugreek, can get to make the stink skin due to perspiration, especially if you eat it very frequently.
The fenugreek is a food possessing stimulant and nutritional neuromuscular properties; recent studies have shown that the intake of fenugreek increases resistance to physical effort increasing the use of fatty acids during physical performance.
In Indian medicine and in the Arab fenugreek is widely used as a food anti diabetic and it seems that its intake plays a preventive role against the formation of kidney stones.
The fenugreek is also used by fans of body-building as it has steroidal properties and thus promotes the development of muscle mass.
It is believed that regular consumption of fenugreek has aphrodisiac properties in men by increasing the level of testosterone in the body.
Contraindications of Fenugreek
As for all other foods must not exceed dose as, excessive intake, may cause gastrointestinal problems due to the high content of dietary fiber in the fenugreek.
Fenugreek is not recommended for pregnant women as it may lead to uterine contractions.
Fenugreek can interact with the intake of medicines for which, in case of doubt, is required contact your doctor.
Because of its properties, the fenugreek should not be taken by people with diabetes who take insulin.
Fenugreek: Properties and benefits
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