Grapes: Properties and Benefits

The grape is the fruit of the grapevine (Vitis vinifera), it is composed of many grains attached to a stalk that together form a cluster; we can divide the grapes into two main groups, the white berries from the light color (shades of yellow to green) and the red (pink to white). Italy is the largest producer of grapes in the world; the main grapes growing regions are Puglia and Sicily.

The origins of grapes are uncertain but its properties and benefits have been known since ancient times in which the grape was the symbol of life. If eaten fresh as table grapes, or dried fruit, such as raisins, absolutely no contain alcohol, a characteristic ingredient of wine, non-addictive, or alter in any way the mental and physical balance of a person.

Grapes: Properties and benefits
Obviously the main element of the grapes is represented by water in a percentage which can vary from 72 to 84 % approximately, depending on the quality of grapes and on the quantity of sugars, precisely glucose and fructose. Between the minerals we include iron, calcium, phosphorus, sodium and magnesium. The presence of  polyphenol substances is responsible for countless benefits to human health: flavonoids substances like anthocyanins and tannins and not flavonoids such as phenolic acids. Grapes also contain some acids that have an important role in the transformation of wine, malic acid, tartaric acid and citric acid.

With regard to the vitamins are present vitamin C, the ten B vitamins and, in modest quantities, there are also trace of vitamin A. One of the most important components is definitely a substance (a phenol) present in the grape skins called resveratrol with properties very beneficial towards our body.


Benefits and Curative Properties of Grapes

The grape is a fruit highly digestible and it is in possession of many therapeutic properties: it has diuretic and slightly laxative properties, helps digestion, helps the body to reduce the level of "bad" cholesterol in the blood and to remove hydrogen uric thus taking away the gout.

The presence of resveratrol in grapes, as described above, provides many health benefits and in particular has antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and anti-cancer properties, and helps to make the blood more fluid, avoiding the formation of lumps. Grapes contain active ingredients and nutrients useful for the regeneration of the skin. Perhaps not everyone knows that grapes contain boron, a trace element necessary for the health of bones and the brain.

The Quercetin, a flavonoid found naturally in red grapes, as well as having anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, appears to be also an excellent source of energy, recommended for "chronic exhausted."
Useful Information
Because of its high content of sugars and cellulose grapes is not a food recommended for people with diabetes and for very young children (the cellulose contained in the skin can cause digestive problems).

Even the grapes can produce oil; it is extracted from its seeds, grapeseed oil, rich in unsaturated fats and used in cosmetics.

The use and cultivation of grapes in Europe can be attributed to Phoenicia population.

If fresh grapes provides 61 calories per 100 grams, raisins provides 260!

All medical and scientific research conducted in this connection have confirmed that red wine possesses absolutely beneficial to health due to the presence of polyphenols and flavonoids, which have undisputed antioxidant properties. For this reason, a glass of red wine a day is a must.

If taken excessively grape skin can have a laxative effect, so it is advisable to pay attention to the smoothies that in addition to the skin also contain the seeds with the same effect.
Difference Between White Grapes and Red Grapes
From the nutritional point of view there are no major differences between white and red grapes, both have more or less the same calories; however, if we take into considerations the therapeutic properties, the red grape is in possession of a greater amount of iron, of flavonoids substances and antioxidants than white grapes.
Grapes: Properties and benefits
Chemical Composition
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Taking into consideration 100 grams of fresh pulp, grape provides 61 kcalories.
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Ampelotherapy
This term comes from the Greek word "ampelos" which literally means "vine" and refers to a diet almost exclusively from grapes; this treatment, the purpose of which was to thoroughly clean the intestines and liver, was already known in ancient times among the population of Roman, Arabic and Greek.
Screws
The most important species of screw for the production of grapes are two:

Vitis vinifera, from Europe and from which all the vineyards.

Vitis labrusca, from America and used mainly for the production of table grapes.
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