The mandarin plant, scientific name Citrus reticulata, is a citrus fruit belonging to the Rutaceae family; the name mandarin is used both to identify the tree that the fruit.
Mandarin, native to China, is a typical autumn fruit with the peel and orange scented; the properties of the mandarin are similar to those of the orange and differs mainly from this for the size and for the sweeter pulp.
There are many varieties of mandarin and their harvest is in the months from December to March; in Italy the most cultivated variety is the common Mandarin which is also called Havana.
Mandarins: Properties and benefits
Mandarin is composed of 80 % water, fats, carbohydrates, fiber, sugars, ash, and protein. The mandarin contains a fair amount of minerals and precisely potassium (the most abundant), calcium, sodium, phosphorus, magnesium , zinc and manganese.
The mandarin contains a large amount of vitamin C, some B vitamins, vitamin J, E, P, and vitamin A.
Benefits and Curative Properties of Mandarin
Mandarin is an excellent source of vitamins and minerals from which our body can surely benefit for our health.
Thanks to the good presence of vitamin C mandarin (like all citrus for that matter) is good for strengthening the immune system.
Mandarin contains soluble fiber which have the property, if present in abundance in our diet, to lower cholesterol levels in the body with consequent benefits to our health.
Mandarin peel contains a high percentage of limonene , a substance that, according to recent studies, it appears to possess antioxidant properties and therefore able to provide benefits not indifferent from the therapeutic point of view. This is why you should also use the mandarin peel (of course when you are sure that this has not been treated with chemicals).
The bromine content in mandarin instead has sedative and calming properties towards the nervous system while vitamin P contained in it has useful properties to fight water retention.
The Mandarin also contains pectin, a substance with beneficial properties to gut and digestion.
Mandarin contains small amounts of folic acid, a very useful substance to pregnant women to prevent the occurrence of spina bifida.
Along with the cedar and the pomelo Mandarin is the third original citrus from which all other citrus derive.
In America the most cultivated variety is the Satsuma that was imported in the late 1800 from Japan.
Mandarin peel, thanks to its characteristic aroma due to limonene, is used to flavor liqueurs, perfumes and syrups; the Sicilian liqueur Mannarinu of Sicily is one example.
A warm bath made with drops of mandarin essential oil has relaxing properties for muscles.
From the crossing of Mandarin with other citrus fruits are obtained hybrids; Clementine is obtained by crossing the mandarin with the bitter orange and mandarin crossed with grapefruit originates mapo.
The mandarin plant can reach a height of six meters.
Mandarin, used together with eucalyptus honey, is useful to relieve breathing problems.
Other varieties are the Cleopatra mandarin, the King, the Tangor, Chinese Mandarin a rare and protected variety that is grown in the province of Palermo and named Ciacullibelated Mandarin.
The mandarin is grown in the USA, Africa and Mediterranean countries; in Italy the cultivation of mandarins develops mainly in the southern regions, especially in Sicily and Calabria.
Mandarin Essential Oil
Essential oil is obtained by cold pressing of mandarin peel which is widely used in the cosmetic field for the preparation of products for skin care. The essential oil of mandarin has beneficial effects on the skin, is used to purify it, to make it softer and hydrate.
The essential oil of mandarin is particularly suited to massage areas of the body more susceptible to cellulite; in fact, the essential oil, facilitates the reabsorption of fluids in the skin thus counteracting cellulite.
The essential oil of mandarin has other therapeutic properties: it is recommended in cases of stress and nervous tension, constipation, anxiety, water retention, colic and asthma. It is also useful to overcome moments of sadness and depression with antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties.
For use and doses of the essential oil of mandarin contact your doctor.
Mandarin: Properties and benefits
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