Basil: Properties and Benefits

The basil plant, scientific name Ocimum basilicum, is an annual herb in nature and belongs to the family Lamiaceae; the plant to grow, it prefers a Mediterranean climate, with temperatures ranging from 21 ░ to 26 ░ and can not stand temperature lower than 10 ░. It blooms in summer.

Due to its intense and pleasant aroma basil is widely used in cooking, especially in Italy; to keep intact its aromatic and organoleptic substances basil should be used fresh and added to dishes at the last minute. The cooking greatly reduces its aroma while drying eliminate it.
Basil: Properties and benefits
Basil contains fat, protein, fiber, sugars, and of course water; contains the following minerals: calcium, sodium, manganese, copper, potassium, phosphorus, iron, magnesium and zinc. Good presence of vitamins A, B (niacin, thiamin, riboflavin), vitamin C (ascorbic acid) and vitamin E. Lastly we underline the abundant presence of amino acids such as tryptophan, lysine, leucine, aspartic acid , glutamic acid, alanine, arginine, and more.

Benefits and Curative Properties of Basil

Basil is not only an excellent aromatic plant able to give more flavor to a wide variety of Mediterranean dishes, but thanks to its properties, basil is a valuable natural aid for the treatment of various diseases. According to a study conducted in India basil proved to be an effective weapon in relieving pain caused by arthritis, which as we know is an annoying disease that affects the joints; it has been demonstrated that the recruitment of basil juice concentrate in tablets, can greatly reduce the size of the enlarged joints due to arthritis. This study has also showed that the intake of raw basil is used to counteract and fight various kinds of inflammation such as colds and skin diseases. This particular properties of the basil seems to be attributable to the substance that gives the characteristic aroma basil, the eugenol.

The basil is also used as a substance stimulating the intestinal apparatus, indeed its properties facilitate digestion and promote the appetite, not only; basil strengthens the nervous system, relieves anxiety and nervousness, it is useful in cases of insomnia and can also be used in cases of asthma, bronchitis and cough.

Finally it is able to increase the production of breast milk during lactation and soothe the discomfort of insect bites. What do you want more from this plant?
Attention
It seems that planting basil newborn, to be precise in those under 10 cm. in height, may contain a carcinogenic substance that disappears once the seedling has grown. The name of this substance is considered to be carcinogenic methyleugenol.
The Basil Pesto

As everyone knows the pesto is a typical ligurian sauce whose main ingredient is constituted by basil (Ligurian course); recently the pesto produced with basil from Liguria in certain areas has acquired the protected designation of origin (D.o.p).

The official ingredients of the pesto consist (of course) from ligurian basil, ligurian extra virgin olive oil, pine nuts, parmesan cheese, pecorino cheese, garlic and sea salt.

Not all of the ligurian area is suitable for growing basil act to the realization of pesto; the area considered suitable for this purpose is between Genova Pra and Genova Pegli. Basil of this area is considered the best, as all the others seem to have a slight hint of mint.
Basil: Properties and benefits
Basil: Properties and benefits
Chemical Composition
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The essential oil of basil has the same properties of the fresh leaves it is therefore useful in the case of respiratory problems (asthma, whooping cough, etc. ..) and has the ability to repel insects relieving at the same time the itching caused by the bites of mosquitoes (just massage the affected area with a drop of essential oil of basil). Also good antidepressant properties of the essential oil.

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Basil: properties and benefits
Basil: properties and benefits
Essential Oil
Of Basil
Basil and
Curiosity
It is believed that the Crusaders already knew the therapeutic properties of basil, in fact, apparently, used to fill the holds of their ships of this plan to ward off insects and treat infections.

To enjoy the invigorating properties of basil on the skin spill twenty drops of essential oil in the bath water before diving.

Already in ancient times there were testimonials of various properties that basil was supposed to have; Pliny the Elder assured efficacy against seizures, St. Bernard instead considered it a great "means" to ward off the obsessions and fixed ideas.

Always in antiquity, to determine if a site was more or less healthy for your health, it was customary to observe the growth of basil in that place.

Infused Anti-anxiety

To counteract the anxiety and stress, infuse for 10 minutes a tablespoon of basil in 4 deciliter of boiling water; after this time, filter and drink a cup after lunch.
Basil and Calories

Every 100 grams of basil leaves, you have 15 kcalories.

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Basilico: proprietÓ e benefici
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