Chestnuts: Properties and Benefits

The chestnut tree belongs to the family Fagaceae, it is a long-lived plant and can reach 30-35 meters in height; chestnuts are commonly called fruit but in reality the true fruit is the hedgehog that contains it, chestnuts are the seed.

A few decades ago the chestnuts were the basis of the daily diet of mountain people, later, with the arrival of the "well-being" their use has been greatly reduced in favor of more refined products.

Chestnuts are a very versatile food and can be eaten in a variety of ways: roasted on the fire, boiled, baked and dried.
Chestnuts: Properties and benefits
The chestnut is composed of about 50 % water, 45 % from carbohydrate, protein, fat, fiber and ash; discreet the presence of minerals such as we include sodium, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, potassium, zinc, copper and manganese.

With regard to the vitamins chestnut include: vitamin A, B1 ( thiamine ), B2 ( riboflavin ), B3 ( niacin ), B5, B6, B9 ( folic acid ), B12, C and D. Among the amino acids present in chestnuts we find: aspartic acid, glutamic acid, arginine, alanine, glycine, leucine, proline, serine and threonine.

Benefits and Curative Properties of Chestnuts

Premise that chestnuts do not contain gluten and are therefore consumables from all the people affected by celiac disease.
The chestnut is very digestible and, thanks to its properties, is recommended in cases of anemia and loss of appetite; thanks to the abundant presence of fibers chestnuts are very useful for the functionality of the intestine. By virtue of the presence of folic acid chestnut is also recommended in cases of pregnancy as the latter is able to prevent the onset of some malformations in the fetus. Being rich in minerals chestnuts have properties suitable for those suffering from chronic fatigue, for those who must regain his strength after the flu and for children and the elderly; potassium is useful to strengthen the muscles, phosphorus collaborated in the formation of the nervous tissue, sulfur is an antiseptic and disinfectant, sodium is useful to digestion, magnesium acts on nerve regeneration.

The presence of vitamin B and phosphorus in chestnuts have properties that contribute to the maintenance of nervous balance and, thanks to the presence of sugars, chestnuts can constitute an alternative food for children allergic to milk.
Chestnuts Curiosity
To discard immediately chestnuts not good, you can soak it in water for about an hour, you can discard the ones that come to the surface as surely "flawed."

In past times the noble used to preserve chestnuts after being boiled in white wine.

To lighten the spots on the skin it is recommended to boil the chestnuts, then mash them and adding lemon juice; apply the "dough" for about twenty minutes.

There are two types of dried chestnuts, one soft that can be consumed immediately and one hard that needs to be put to soak for about half an hour before being consumed.

The wood of the chestnut, compact and elastic, is used in the construction of barrels and poles.

The cooking water of chestnuts can be used on hair after washing to enhance the reflections.

The infusion of chestnut leaves is great for gargling in case of inflammation of the throat and mouth.
Roasted Chestnuts with Microwave
For those who still do not knew, chestnuts can be cooked in the microwave and get a cooking very similar to that used to produce the roasted chestnuts. To achieve this it is necessary, however, to have a microwave oven equipped with at least grill, even better than crisp plate.
The thing to which we must pay more attention to are the cuts that must be drilled on the chestnuts before cooking; for each chestnut should be practiced two or three incisions, so strong and deep. This is to avoid that during cooking chestnut "explode" literally so heavy soiling the inside of the oven; in fact, the type of microwave cooking accentuates the possibility that the chestnuts can explode.

As for the power control of cooking it is advisable to proceed with the cooking combined microwave grill and set the microwave at a medium-high power; the cooking time is determined by the amount of chestnuts that are going to cook, the higher the number of chestnut and the greater will be the time taken from the oven to cook.
Chestnuts: Properties and benefits
Chestnuts: Properties and benefits
Chemical Composition
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Chestnuts Calories
Considering 100 grams of fresh chestnuts, calorie intake is very high, in fact they are 250 calories;
if we consider instead the chestnuts boiled, calories down to 130, roasted chestnuts 190 and dried chestnuts 290.
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Variety of Chestnuts
There are many varieties of chestnuts in Italy, about three hundred; the best known are those of Marradi, Montella in the province of Avellino and the Mugello.

The distinction between chestnuts is not always easy; we can say that the chestnuts are the "fruit" of the wild plant while the browns are the fruit of the chestnut trees planted.
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