Cucumber: Properties and Benefits

The cucumber plant, scientific name Cucumis sativus, belongs to the family of Cucurbitaceae, generally grows in countries with a warm climate or temperate; cucumber probably originates from the Himalaya where exactly you have news of the first crops of this vegetable.

The cucumber comes with an elongated shape whose length can reach 30 cm., the peel is dark green covered with small bumps while the pulp is light green with white seeds inside.
The most common varieties in Italy are the Parisian, the Long Green of Italy, the Marketer and the Mezzo Lungo Bianco; the regions where it is most produced cucumber are Lazio, Veneto and Puglia.
Cucumber: Properties and benefits
Cucumbers contain 96,7% water, 2,1% carbohydrates, sugars, ash, protein, fat, fiber, and starch; minerals contained in the cucumber are calcium, potassium, phosphorus, sodium, magnesium and fluoride. In small proportion we find zinc, copper and manganese.

In terms of vitamins cucumber include: vitamin A, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, vitamin C, k and J; present in very low percentage also vitamin E; sugars present in cucumbers are dextrose and fructose.
These are the amino acids: aspartic acid and glutamic acid, arginine, alanine, cystine, phenylalanine, glycine, isoleucine, lysine, leucine, serine, threonine, valine and proline.

Benefits and Curative Properties of Cucumber

Cucumbers are very rich in water and for this reason possess purifying and refreshing properties able to provide benefits to the kidneys; due to their very low calorie intake and especially their content of tartaric acid, cucumbers are often placed in a variety of weight-loss diets. The tartaric acid does have the property of preventing the carbohydrates consumed in our body will turn into fat.

In addition to these features, the cucumber has anti-inflammatory and diuretic properties and is able to counteract the gout and osteoarthritis; its consumption is also recommended for the prevention of kidney stones and bladder and, due to the low sugar content,  cucumber is a food suitable for all those people with high blood sugar and diabetes risk.

Cucumber has proved to be useful also in cases of fever and other disorders related to cooling in general; its seeds have proved true vermifuge properties, especially the tapeworm, although lately, due to improved hygienic conditions, this disease is much rarer than in the past.
The Cosmetic use of Cucumbers

The cucumber contains substances that can mitigate and counteract skin infections, for this reason is often used for the production of beauty masks and is therefore very suitable for the care of the skin.
Dermatologists recommend its use even in the event of personal injury from exposure to the rays of the sun and, if used consistently, seems to be able to slow down the onset of wrinkles.

With the pulp of the cucumber are obtained  refreshing masks, with seeds prepare firming masks while the juice is used to make wraps with soothing properties on irritated skin.
Cucumber: Properties and benefits
Cucumber: Properties and benefits
Chemical Composition
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Cucumber and
An old "home remedy" that claims to reduce the swelling of the eyes, brighten the eyes and reduce bags under the eyes is necessary to apply two slices of cucumber on your eyes for a quarter of an hour.

The tartaric acid present in cucumbers as we have seen plays an important role in the metabolism of the human body; however, this acid is destroyed by the heat of cooking, and for this reason it is essential to eat raw cucumbers.

Since the digestion of raw cucumbers is difficult in most cases, there are those who suggest slicing it and put it in salt a few hours before serving to avoid this "inconvenience".

After buying cucumbers can be stored in the refrigerator for a period not exceeding ten days.

Cucumbers with smaller sizes are generally used for conservation in vinegar.

Already in 1500 the Italian doctor Pietro Mattioli advised intake of seeds and cucumber juice to make the skin more beautiful.
Cucumber and Calories

100 grams of chopped cucumber have only 12 calories.
Cucumber: properties and benefits
Cucumber: properties and benefits
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