Melon: Properties and Benefits

The melon tree, whose scientific name is Cucumis melo, belongs to the Cucurbitaceae family, whose origins are not entirely certain but it is assumed that most likely originates in Asia, currently the country's largest producer of melons in the world. The tree of melon does not develop vertically but is characterized by a creeping stem which resembles that of the pumpkin.

The introduction of the melon in Italy dates back to the Christian era, as seen in several paintings found at Herculaneum. Europe represents the second largest producer in the world after Asia; Italy, together with Spain and France, is one of the leading European countries in the production of this delicious fruit.
Melon: Properties and benefits
These are the substances that make up the melon considering 100 grams of pulp: the main element is formed, as always, by the water that is present in a proportion of about 90 %.
We find later the presence of proteins, lipids, carbohydrates and dietary fiber; as regards the minerals are present potassium, iron, phosphorus, and calcium. Present also C vitamin, niacin or B3 vitamin and in small percentages A vitamin.


Benefits and Curative Properties of Melon

The properties and benefits of the melon are numerous, we see the main: surely the melon has refreshing and diuretic properties; the presence of A vitamin gives the melon antioxidant properties that can be beneficial in countering the destructive activity of free radicals.

The presence of beta-carotene in the melon stimulates the body to produce melanin, the principal pigment of our skin, while vitamin B plays an active role towards depression.

Even bones benefit from acquisition of melon in fact, plenty of phosphorus and calcium play a protective activity against osteoporosis; finally, the good percentage of potassium in its pulp has beneficial effects on the circulation and blood pressure.
Melon Curiosity
The more fragrant and tasty melon is the male specimen that is usually characterized by a black dot visible in the opposite part  respect to its stem.

The melon can be stored in the refrigerator for 3-4 days; you must be careful to separate it from other foods because its strong scent could be absorbed.

Two or three slices (depending on the size) of melon are able to provide the full daily requirement of A and C vitamin for our body.

Thanks to its content of dietary fiber and vitamins and its low calorie, melon is able to fill your stomach and give a sense of fullness without weighing down the body with a lot of calories.

Melons "cantaloupe" owe their name to the town in the Lazio where it seems it was introduced in the fifteenth century by missionaries from Asia.

The winter melons, if caught not yet ripe, can be stored for four or five months until their maturity.



The Varieties of Melon
Melon, fruit typical of the summer, you can find it for sale in a natural way in the period from May to September; summer melon is divided into two categories: the first one is the "netted", characterized by an husk filled with a tangle of lines in relief and a deep yellow flesh, very fragrant and tasty.

The other category is represented by summer melon "cantaloupe melon " which, unlike the netted, has a smooth skin and pulp slightly lighter.

In contrast to the summer melon is the winter melon that has just its name to the period in which reaches maturity, in December. The pulp of this variety of melon is rather whitish.
Melon: Properties and benefits
Chemical Composition
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Melon: properties and benefits
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Winter melon
The most of the sugars of the melon is formed few days before ripening; if the melon is harvested before this period you will have on the table a fruit with insipid taste and not very sweet.

The melon is also used in the cosmetic field for the preparation of beauty masks, able to invigorate the skin and make it softer.

Probably, due to the presence of numerous seeds, this fruit, in ancient times, was considered a symbol of fertility and prosperity.

According to the writings of Pliny seems that the Roman emperor Tiberius was particularly fond of this succulent fruit.



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